Is There Immigration Control Between Schengen Countries?

The signing of the Schengen Agreement in 1985 marked a dramatic shift in Europe’s border control practices. It aimed Immigration Control Between Schengen Countries to establish a shared free movement zone among participating countries by abolishing internal border constraints. 

This paper investigates the concept of immigration control between Schengen countries and how the agreement promotes seamless travel inside the Schengen Area.

The Schengen Agreement created the Schengen Area, now comprising 27 European countries. These countries have agreed to eliminate internal border controls and allow free movement of persons within the region. 

The Schengen Zone includes the majority of EU member states as well as non-EU nations such as Norway, Switzerland, Iceland, and Liechtenstein. Planning your trip to Schengen countries is no less than a dream. And if you are one of them who got a chance so book your flight itinerary today!

In The Absence Of Immigration Controls

Abolishing immigration controls at internal borders is one of the main concepts of the Schengen Agreement. This means tourists can quickly move between Schengen nations without going through passport control or immigration inspections when crossing internal borders. 

Immigration control is limited to the Schengen Area’s exterior boundaries, where severe checks are performed to ensure the area’s security and integrity.

External Border Checkpoints

While internal borders within the Schengen Area are typically open, external border controls are in effect. Schengen member states maintain and protect these external borders collectively. 

Individuals entering or departing the Schengen Area are subjected to immigration inspections at these borders. These inspections include checking passports, visas, and other travel documents to ensure compliance with immigration regulations.

Sis (Schengen Information System)

The Schengen Information System (SIS) was designed to improve security and ease border management. The SIS is a shared database that allows member countries to share information about individuals, such as wanted persons alerts, stolen documents, or entrance prohibitions. 

This method enables border officials to conduct essential checks on individuals at external borders, thereby assisting in maintaining security within the Schengen Area.

Temporary Border Controls And Exceptions

While the absence of immigration control at internal borders is the norm in the Schengen Area, there are exceptional circumstances that may require temporary border controls. 

A Schengen member state may temporarily restore border checks at its internal borders if there is a perceived threat to public order, national security, or public health. These measures are carefully regulated and can only be deployed briefly, with the European Commission closely monitoring them.

Rights And Freedom Of Movement

The removal of border controls between Schengen countries allows for unrestricted movement of persons inside the Schengen Area. This means that citizens of Schengen member states, as well as non-EU people with valid Schengen visas or residency permits, are free to travel and stay in any Schengen country. 

Within the Schengen Area, freedom of movement includes work, education, and access to social benefits.


By establishing a standard zone of unrestricted travel, the Schengen Agreement has revolutionized European border control. Immigration control between Schengen nations is often absent at internal crossings, allowing tourists to transit freely without showing their passports. 

For this reason, it is better for applicants to carry their dummy ticket for visa along with them. To guarantee the security and integrity of the Schengen Area, stringent restrictions are maintained at the exterior borders. Under rare situations, temporary border controls may be enforced. 

With the permit, individuals are not restricted to specific job sectors or employers. It provides them with the flexibility to explore various employment options. Furthermore, permanent residents are entitled to the same employment rights. The benefits are as Icelandic citizens, ensuring fair treatment in the workplace.

The Schengen Area’s freedom of movement encourages cultural interchange, economic integration, and tourism while emphasizing the importance of border security and information sharing among member nations.


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